No. You can own a property permanently until you convey the property to someone else.
You can have a right of the ownership of Japanese property. There is no time limit to keeping ownership of the property.
You can also rent an office and a land. However, there is a time limit to the lease which depends on your contract.
When you have permanent ownership of a property your individual name, you are recommended to consider the legal provisions on inheritance.
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Shihoshoshi Lawyer Akiko HORI