Children are the future adults who will sustain the economy and society, and they need to learn love, empathy, patience but because of their age, there are many things to learn in reality, and spending their time in various places would be good experiences for them. In my opinion, the loving family relationship is fundamental, and building up the networking with other people comes second.
Firstly, human bonding is most important for human beings because we are social creatures. when children feel secure in their young ages at home, they can be persistent and strive for anything after they become adults, because the security in their mind keeps them motivated and confronts any challenging situation they might encounter.
However, children are easily spoiled among family members, because the place is too comfortable and relaxing. They have to be independent mentally and physically, because that is the social responsibility for adults. An event in our daily life is not always welcoming and an unexpected matter happens often. Their time in nurseries or pre-schools is ideal for preparing them for this because there are many peers, who have different ideas, outlooks and customs.
As a conclusion, balancing between a warm family atmosphere and the community environment is critical because it supports children’s internal development and communication skills. A family should look after their children to build up their trust, and secondly disciplines are needed to learn events that happen in the actual world.
When I was a child, playing games was a family fun time. Card games and board games were my family’s favourite, and all family members were all together at night and at weekends. However, online games and computer games are popular these days, because they are easy to access, thanks to the development of the computer and the Internet.
Pleasure and learning points about computer games
In general, playing games is fun, and when several people play together, they can share this pleasure. However, it is not always possible to play with others, because everybody has their own plans. In terms of this, computer games are ideal, because people can play games at their leisure without caring about other people’s schedules. That is a great advantage of playing games on computer. In addition, computer games provide experiences and teach strategies. This knowledge would increase knowing how to tackle problem-solving.
On the other hand, there are several disadvantages of playing computer games. If there are no restrictions on playing games, they become addicted and lose their control. This problem is called addiction, and this ultimately leads to upsetting the balance of their lives. Another disadvantage is a type of game. There are different kinds of games, such as board games, sports games and war games. In particular, war games are easily associated with violence, so choosing which kind of a game to play should be considered especially for young adults.
In conclusion, playing games is a good way of spending free time and learning some methods, but the selection of games and limitation of its playing times should be thoroughly organised. People should play games in an effective way, and should not let the games play them.
The rise in consumerism in today’s society is true, because owning something is a symbol of wealth, so people buy things to achieve their desires. In terms of the cost, the system of mass production and mass consumption keep commodity prices down.
Firstly, in my opinion, humans’ innate desire to obtain something has never changed over the years, but since the industrial revolution, people can easily buy things they want, because many things can be made by machinery, which machines produce many things in reasonable prices. The face value of one product becomes cheaper, but in return, people become greedy to purchase things more, which cost a lot of money.
In addition, the statement above might give the impression that people don’t place importance on things, but the current meaning of “importance on things” is different from the one in the past. For example, people throw away an old-style television even though it is still working well, because they want the latest model, and consider brand, design and function as well. People prioritise their desire, which is the new way of their placing importance on things. To fulfil their desire, they spend a lot of money, and their satisfaction is the number one priority.
In conclusion, materialism allows people to consume many things, so they value their desire and motivation more, which is another meaning of the importance of goods and services. The price of things is lower nowadays, but when people spend their money on various matters, that costs a lot of money.
In many countries, it used to be the case that, if a company did not list a business activity in its company registration documents, it could not carry out that activity, thus, companies put in everything that they might do. In Japan, the company registration is still conducted in this way. So, when considering a company’s business activities, the owner of the company should select the activities of their business.
More recently in Japan, the Commercial Registration Act allows companies to register one specific business activity, such as trading, restaurant business and travel business along with any other lawful activities and/or all business incidental to or related to the preceding activities. However, in many cases that, especially immigration matters are involved in, certified copies of certificates on the Legal Affairs Bureau register should be submitted to other Bureaus, and an officer at the Bureau might point out something insufficient for their purpose. The company in Japan still normally has many business activities listed in its articles of incorporation.
Some companies use model articles provided from the Legal Affairs Bureau, but narrow business activities may cause further amendments, additional work and extra cost. You can go down the DIY option, but that is not without its risks. A good expert will be aware of the technical issues and what potentially could go wrong. Professionals are likely to save you money in the long term, because we can deal with things quickly and efficiently.
司法書士堀明子 – HORIakiko –
司法書士 / ビジネスコンサルタント / ライフ・コーチ
Shiho-shoshi Lawyer / Business consultant / Life coach
When considering real property transaction, it is critical to identify a good estate agent. Initially, it is wise to have a personal recommendation, such as family, friends and colleagues. if there is someone reliable with enough knowledge about real property, it is useful to ask that person, too. In addition, collecting information from the internet is also effective nowadays.
In Japan, as to an estate agent’s license, there are two types of licenses: one is the license approved by the prefecture governor and the other is the license approved by The Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT).
The license approved by the prefecture governor is issued when the estate agent runs its business in one prefecture only. On the contrary, the license approved by MLIT is issued when they run its real property business across several prefectures.
There are brackets and numbers on their license number, which indicates the length of their working history. The license should be renewed every 5 years. When it is one in brackets, it means the agent has been running their business less than 5 years.
When a purchase agreement is formed, the brokerage fee for an estate agent is generally the sale price multiplied by 3% plus JPN 60,000 plus consumption tax of 10 %, but it might be negotiable.
Introduction The compulsory education in Japan terminates when young people finish their secondary school at the age of 15, and over 80% of them continue to study at high school for 3 more years. This tendency gives the impression that education at high school is quite common, so this report is based on the premise above.
Recent trend Because of the recent decrease in childbirth, going to university in recent years is not as difficult as one in the past, so almost 60% of pupils who finish their high school education choose to go to university. This tendency shows Japan is a country that provides quite good standard of education for the young generation. The information of this rate can be seen on the ministry of education website (https://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chukyo/chukyo0/toushin/attach/1335605.htm). Furthermore, roughly 10% of young adults keep studying for a master degree after their bachelor degree is completed.
Vocational career On the other hand, the path of vocational career can still be possible in Japan. Those vocational experiences are generally found in a profession, such as medicine, the law, teaching, architecture, engineering and some others, where a professional qualification is required in addition to or instead of a degree. My Shiho-shoshi Lawyer qualification is one of vocational careers. Special licences funded by relevant ministries are well-recognised in society. It is difficult to collect all the information above at one source, but every ministry puts up their licensing information on their websites.
Conclusion In conclusion, the mainstream of education in Japan is to go to university, but thanks to the various vocational tests and qualifications, a wide range of career paths for the young is widely available in Japan.
Land Lease Rights have lower asset value than ownership, and it is commonly traded at around 60 to 70% of the market price as ownership in residential areas. The necessary expenses for a Land Lease Right are up-front payment as the purchase price, a contract renewal fee, a reconstruction consent fee, a change of condition consent fee and change of name consent fee due to inheritance or sale. Additionally, “Monthly rent” which a lessee pays on a regular basis while renting land is also required. The parties have discussed in advance about the conditions applying when selling the land lease, because the acceptance of the landowner will be needed at the time of sale and a name change consent fee will be charged.
Under the current Act on Land and Building Leases, there is a regulation called “Fixed Term Land Lease Right”. (定期借地権) In this regulation, the term of the Land Lease Right is determined and the contract will end at the fixed deadline, which there is no extension of the contract. In this scheme, when the land lease contract ends, the land surface should be cleared and returned to the landowner, and the lessee should undertake the cost of demolition of the building at their own cost.
However, the parties can agree with the special provisions for building transfer if the contract is agreed for thirty years or more. In this clause, a landowner promises to buy the building on the land that is the object of the Land Lease Right, which shall be transferred to the landowner for a reasonable price after the day that thirty years or more have passed since the contract was established. Land Lease Right will cease at the time of purchase.
Legal advice in connection with a lease agreement is essential, including drafting and preparing preliminary agreements.
Land and a building are each treated as separate real property in Japan.
Land rights are roughly divided into “Ownership” and “Land Lease Rights”. In Japan, conveyance of land is generally the transfer in “Ownership”. Ownership of real property means unlimited possession, and it means its permanent possession.
“Land Lease Rights ” is set up when obtaining use of the land from its landowner and building your own building on it. It means a “Right to borrow land”. The cost of “Land Lease Rights” is divided into two parts that together are “Up-front payment”, which is, firstly, to pay for purchasing the Land Lease Right, and also “Rent”, which is to be continually paid while renting the land.
Under the new Act on Land and Building Leases, there is a new regulation called “Fixed Term Land Lease Right”.(事業用定期借地権) This scheme is often used in a business purpose, because the term of the Land Lease Right is determined and the contract will end at the fixed deadline. In principle, when the land lease contract ends, the land surface should be cleared and returned to the landowner, and the lessee should undertake the cost of demolition of the building at his own cost.
This aims to construct and use buildings for business purposes, such as a road-side retail building, and the duration of this scheme is at least ten years or more but shorter than fifty years. A contract of this type shall be made by a notarial deed.
In Japan, a landowner has no obligation to register a Right of lease, so that it is common that a Right of lease is not registered at the Legal Affairs Bureau.
All of us globally face a difficult situation because of the Covid-19 virus, which has greatly affected our working style. I have already introduced the policy of working from home with good governance.
At the beginning, it was difficult to arrange working conditions, and maintain this system, evaluation and surveillance for the staff are essential, so a daily report and an online meeting are required on a daily basis, which will become a burden for some workers. However, I prioritise the trust and duty of care among staff, and now I manage it.
Our wellbeing is also important, because our social responsibility as a legal practitioner in current society is taken into account legally and morally more than in the past one.
The number of people dying with Covid-19 virus has been declining, and the UK vaccine programme seems working, but it is better to stay vigilant.